Different Types of Corporate Finance



Corporate finance is a complex and important field that can impact your business in a variety of ways. If you’re not aware of the different types of corporate finance available to you, now is the time to learn about them. In this blog post, we will explore the different types of corporate finance and their impacts on your business. From capital raising to debt financing, read on to learn everything you need to know about corporate finance.

Types of Corporate Finance

There are a number of different types of corporate finance. The most common are accounting based, capitalization based, and cost-based. Accounting-based corporate finance is the most common form and relies on accounting information to make decisions about how much money to borrow and invest. Capitalization-based corporate finance focuses on how much money a company has available to work with. Cost-based financial planning uses historical costs as a guide for future investment decisions.

Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities

Mortgage-backed securities are a type of corporate finance that provides financial security to investors by guaranteeing the payment of interest and principal on a loan. This type of investment is popular because it offers a high yield, which means that the return on the investment is higher than most other types of investments.


There are three main types of mortgage-backed securities: collateralized debt obligations (CDOs), asset backed securities (ABSs), and collateralized loan obligations (CLOs).



A CDO is a type of security that consists of many different loans that were pooled together. The loans are then bundled together and sold to investors as a single product. Because the CDO is based on a pool of loans, if any one loan in the pool goes bad, the entire value of the CDO falls apart.


An ABS is also made up of many different loans, but it is not as complex as a CDO. An ABS does not have any underlying assets, like a CDO does. Instead, an ABS is based on income or equity from real estate or other assets.


A CLO is different from both an ABS and a CDO in that it actually guarantees the repayment of borrowings. CLOs are used to finance expensive commercial real estate projects, such as office buildings or malls. The lenders who make these loans put up some equity in the project in exchange for getting paid back with interest and capital gains when the property is

Credit Default Swaps

Credit default swaps (CDS) are a type of derivative that allow investors to protect themselves from the risk of defaults by other creditors. CDS trade on a variety of securities, including corporate debt and credit indexes.



CDS involve two counterparties: the buyer, who agrees to pay the seller if the debtor defaults, and the seller, who agrees to pay the buyer if the debtor defaults. The price of a CDS is based on both expected credit risk and probability of default. The higher the rating assigned to a security by an independent ratings agency, the less likely it is that this security will default.


The parties to a CDS contract must agree upon both the terms of payment (if any) in case of default and also on how much money they are each willing to lose in total should either party lose all its money invested in the contract. A key feature of CDS is their ability to provide financial protection against default in high-yield debt offerings where there is significant uncertainty about future cash flows. This was particularly important during the 2007-2009 credit crisis when issuers were more likely than not to miss payments on their bonds due to economic conditions rather than any potential default by borrowers.


Since inception, CDS have been used extensively in finance and insurance products. They are now one of the most commonly traded derivatives in world markets with outstanding contracts totaling over $2 trillion as of March 2014.


Collateralized Debt Obligations

Since the 2008-2009 recession, companies have been more cautious in their use of debt. To combat this trend, some lenders are starting to offer new products that are known as collateralized debt obligations (CDOs). CDOs are a type of financial product that uses a pool of assets, such as corporate loans or stocks, to create a security. The securitization process allows these securities to be sold to investors and used as collateral for other loans.


The benefits of using CDOs include increased liquidity and lower borrowing costs. Liquidity refers to the ability to sell securities quickly and at fair value. Lower borrowing costs mean that CDOs can provide an option for companies with high debt levels who would not be able to get approval from traditional lenders.


There are several types of CDOs, including single-issue, multi-issue, and basket CDOs. A single-issue CDO is issued by a company and has only one security in it. A multi-issue CDO is created when several companies issue shares in the same security. A basket CDO is made up of several different securities, such as corporate bonds, preferred stock, and asset-backed securities (ABS).


According to Joint Forum Research, both ABSs and asset-backed securitizations accounted for nearly half (47%) of all U.S.-issued credit default swaps (CDS) in 20151 . The popularity of these products has led many banks to offer more products

Asset Backed Securities

Asset backed securities are a type of security that is based on the underlying assets of a business. The most common types of asset backed securities are collateralized debt obligations (CDOs), mortgage-backed securities (MBSs), and commercial paper.


The goal of asset backed securities is to make money for the issuer by selling the security to investors. Investors buy these securities because they believe that the underlying assets will generate income in the future. The issuers use these funds to pay back their loans or to purchase new assets.


There are several things to consider when buying an asset backed security: the credit quality of the underlying assets, the history of payments made on the debt, and whether there is any risk that the assets will not be repaid.


In this article, we have explored the different types of corporate finance and given you a high-level overview of each. We hope that this has given you a greater understanding of the various options available to you and helped you make an informed decision about which type of finance is best for your business. As always, if there are any questions or concerns that you may have, don’t hesitate to contact one of our experts at our offices in order to get started on what could be the most important financial decision your company will ever make.



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